Welcome to our site, where we aim to share with you all our advice to help you get the most from your travels. Being able to enjoy the delights of other cultures can enrich our lives but you do need to prepare before you go. Hopefully, you will find the information to help you get the most from your holidays. Share your advice with us too, there is always more to learn!
If you have never been skiing before, the whole concept of a skiing holiday could seem rather daunting. Over the years, I have found that people who have never been before worry about many things, some of which are just not the case. Here are my top ten ski holiday myths:
1. Skiing holidays are expensive
This is just not true, yes there are expensive ski trips but it is no longer just for the wealthy, it is within most peoples’ budgets to be able to afford to take the family on a skiing trip. Self catering is now a popular choice and by doing your own catering, you can cut the food bill by a considerable amount. Eating out is expensive so have 1 or 2 meals out as a treat but the rest of the time, do your own cooking.
Fly with budget airlines, you can get very cheap airfares if you book well in advance however be aware that luggage that goes in the hold will cost extra, hand luggage costs nothing extra if it meets the criteria as laid out by the airline.
There are lots of smaller ski resorts that are great for beginners, some of the bigger resorts could be costly as they are more popular. You should look into the cost of things like ski hire, lift passes, lessons etc and see where you can either make savings or which is cheapest.
2. It is dangerous
Although there is an element of risk, if you take lessons with a good ski instructor who will teach you to ski safely, you should not be at any extra risk of injury. Always remain within comfortable limits, do not take extra risks and do not under any circumstances ski when under the influence of alcohol.
3. It is cold
Yes, this is true, however, when the sunshine comes out and it frequently does, it is beautiful and the actual temperature can feel warmer than it really is. It is a good idea to take sunscreen with you as you can in fact suffer from sunburn on the slopes, the sun’s rays reflect off the snow.
4. Difficulty understanding the ski instructor
These days there are native English speaking instructors many of whom are actually British, however, even if you do have a foreign instructor, the standard of English is excellent and you will be able to understand what they are saying.
5. What if I don’t like skiing when I get there?
If you decide that skiing is not for you, don’t despair, there are lots of different activities that you can participate in. You might like to try dog sledding, ice skating, sightseeing or visit a spa. There are generally plenty of other activities on offer at the resorts so you will surely find something fun to do.
6. Global warming means there is less snow
Global warming can be blamed for lack of snow however, there has never been an Alpine season without snow and in fact over the last few years, there has been exceptional snow which has been great for skiers.
7. Skiing holidays are a lot of hassle
It is only a hassle if you make it one. Prepare well in advance, buy your passes and ski hire before you get to the resort. You can choose to have a catered holiday, a bit like taking your summer break, all you have to do is turn up and enjoy yourself.
8. The children don’t speak the lingo
Both the crèche and the ski school will have English speaking staff so don’t let this put you off. There will be quite a lot of British families in the resorts during school holidays so they will be able to make lots of new friends. Learning to ski as a child can be a huge benefit in future life.
9. We might not like the food
These days resorts will have a great choice of restaurants and menus so there is generally something for everyone. If you are going self catering, you can choose to cook the sort of food you want to eat. We are now more familiar with ‘foreign’ food and people will generally be prepared to try new foods, you never know, you might just like it!
10. The baby can’t go skiing
This is true however, there are excellent crèches and nanny services available for guests so you can still get out on the slopes and be sure that your baby will be well cared for while you are out enjoying yourself.
A skiing holiday can be a lot of fun and need not cost a fortune. You and your family can have a great adventure in the mountains.
When we consider cruising vacations, many people think of sunshine, warm winds, crystal clear waters, lovely landscapes and scrumptious regional food. You wouldn’t be far wrong, particularly in the summer season sailing around the Mediterranean. So how do you enhance on this?
The beginning of holidays are constantly difficult and for some, usually the mums or spouses, the vacation starts weeks beforehand with exactly what to take. Whether it’s for a week or more or for the fortunate couple of, even longer, right here’s an example of what would be in my travel bag:.
enough underwear for the journey, shorts, t-shirts, clever clothing for night trips ashore, a sweater, suitable deck shoes, a pair of smart shoes, flip flops, a waterproof jacket, swimwear, toiletries and don’t forget your sunglasses, sun block and a hat with a brim or peak.
Many people will certainly spend much of the day in swimwear and shorts and t-shirt. Youngsters are particularly happy in swimwear whether they’re on the beach or yacht and in the Mediterranean clothes dry so rapidly there’s no harm doing a fast wash if required.
As soon as on board, look after yourself but keep a good watch out for others too. Problems such as sun stroke and heat stroke slip up on individuals and can mess up a holiday for the suffering and others on board. How can you prevent these ailments?
Drink lots of water daily and evening. Have a beer or a glass of wine but always with a glass of water. Even if you drink tea and coffee, you still need to consume at least 2 litres of water, if not even more, to change the fluids your body looses with sweating in more powerful heat than you’re made use of to.
Use a hat when you are in the sun, specifically around the middle of the day. Try to choose one that has actually a good sized brim or peak as this will certainly not just keep you cool but will certainly secure your eyes.
Choose a pair of wrap around style sunglasses with UV security to safeguard your eyes.
Utilizing a high element sun screen to prevent you from getting sunburn as well as protecting you from damaging UVA and UVB light.
Clothes produced from natural fibers such as cotton will certainly keep you cooler and enable sweat evaporation.
If you do start to feel weak, you have to rehydrate yourself. Electrolyte rehydration packs are available in many pharmacies however drinking water will assist too. Lie somewhere cool with a gentle breeze and take small sips of water. Understand that gulping down a lot of water swiftly can actually damage you which is why the guidance is to consume water regularly throughout the day.
It won’t be long in the past attention counts on food. Typically on sunny holidays individuals do not much during the day when it’s hot. Breakfast is best kept simple with cereal, bread from a regional bakery, tea and coffee, orange juice and fresh fruit – remember it is very important to see to it you’re getting all your vitamins and minerals!
If you are staying onboard for lunch, stay under the bimini which will shade you whilst you consume. Simple lunches consisting of salad, pasta, cold meat, regional bread and fruit will generally be enough. You can always treat yourselves to something sweet for pudding.
You will most likely want to go ashore for dinner, there will be a selection of dining establishments in the area and you will have the ability to discover something scrumptious to take pleasure in. Frequently, the waterside dining establishments are quite expensive so try further into town as long as you don’t mind not having a sea view.
Advantageous nights sleep, if you do not wish to pay marina costs, make sure you choose a spot that’s quiet. Whether you like quiet in the form of no noise from others or peaceful as in no swell rocking the boat, it’s up to you, however it’s a really fortunate sailor that gets both in close proximity to facilities ashore.
Something I’ve gained from cruising with various people is that you should all agree who is the captain for the trip, the day or the maneuver. There can just be one captain at any time to avoid confusion, misinterpreting and arguments. It is likewise the responsibility of the said captain to brief the team, whether as a whole or individually, in exactly what they would like to be done. With clear communication between everybody on board, many arguments and disputes can be prevented and a happy group maintained.
Keeping the watercraft clean inside and out is necessary and it’s also crucial that everybody assists. A basic list of everyday cleaning is useful and if everyone chips in it should not take more than 20 minutes daily. The list is not too long and need to include duties such as: taking the rubbish ashore, cleaning the toilets, stowing possessions away and offering the floors a quick sweep.
With all these pointers followed, hopefully you’ll have an even more remarkable summertime sailing vacation!
India is a long way away and is still a establishing nation, implying that poverty is rife and conditions in many places are far from hygienic, specifically compared with our western requirements. But like the majority of risks in India, major wellness concerns can be avoided by using a little common sense and a little preparation. Having stated this it is unbelievably uncommon for anyone taking a trip to India to prevent things such as mosquito bites and naturally the infamous ‘Delhi belly’, however still these position just minor dangers and hassles compared to some of the bigger problems dealing with India and her people and obviously the thousands of tourists who head there every year.
Below are some of the main India travel wellness problems that travellers and tourists deal with when travelling to India and some of the very best techniques for avoiding them.
The mosquitoes in India could just be discussed as ravenous and now most physicians and health experts advise taking anti-malaria preventative measures for India in all areas below 2300 meters. Fortunately, protection is conveniently offered and relatively low-cost. It deserves choosing your medication really carefully and check out all the benefits and drawbacks of taking that particular medication as some are understood to cause depression and anxiety and there are doubt over whether some work at all. Malaria in India is a serious issue and worth finding out more about. You can find more details about this and other India travel health guidance by following the link at the bottom of this short article.
Obviously avoiding mosquitoes is another evident step in avoiding malaria so always bring a bottle of repellent with you and a nice good quality mosquito web.
Vaccinations before you go
Most of the more severe India travel health concerns are easily preventable with vaccine prior to you go. It’s suggested by most doctors to take a minimum of the ones mentioned on this list, but do not take my word for it, ask your physician:.
– Hepatitis A.
– Hepatitis B.
– Yellow fever.
A few of these vaccinations for India are a course which have to be begun at least 3 months before you go to India making a spontaneous decision to simply remove and leave without these vaccinations a risky thing to do.
As I mentioned earlier, it is unlikely that you will return home from India without experiencing a minimum of indications of diarrhoea. The most typical cause (and many evident) originates from the food. While the natives now have actually set tummies and appropriate antibodies to combat of the bacteria, many westerners do not, and it doesn’t take much to be struck by the squits. The water is another usual channel through which diarrhoea is acquired so drinking the local water is a big no no. Bottled water is offered everywhere but always ensure that the seal at the top has not been broken.
Take anti diarrhoea medication with you wherever you go, there’s absolutely nothing like being captured by surprise in the coach department on a train and not being able to get to the toilet in time because of the big amount of individuals in the method! Right here are a couple of pointers to stay clear of getting diarrhoea in India. Rehydration salts are another should and they conserved me on many occasions.
– Just consume mineral water.
– Keep away from food that has been relaxing for a very long time for instance buffets (eat just newly cooked food).
– Utilize your sound judgment, if the place looks filthy then it’s more than most likely that the food is too.
– Eat where the citizens consume. If there are two restaurants, one is hectic and the other empty then choose the busy one (the food is most likely much better too).
– Stay away from ice (your glass of water might be purified and clean however it is unlikely the ice is too).
– Wash your hands before every meal
– Carry Imodium with you as well as rehydration salts (worth mentioning twice).
It’s difficult to obtain the balance right in India since there is typically nothing wrong with consuming what the residents eat and there is no need to completely avoid location which could not compare to western requirements of health, I personally consume in some best dives when I am travelling in India but slowly I am learning to avoid getting the bug.
Finding the balance in between fitting in with the residents, welcoming the culture while at the same time staying safe, healthy and sane is a tough balance to maintain however exactly what taking a trip is all about …
Perhaps not a typical disorder got by visitors in general however I understand I was relatively seriously struck by it when I was in India so I thought it worth discussing. If any person has actually ever experienced the impacts of sunstroke then they understand that it’s not enjoyable. When you’re are taking a trip in India it is essential to stay alert, know what’s going on however with sunstroke you are knocked for 6 and your senses and orientation go way off, potentially a unsafe situation to be in.
Stay hydrated and try to be careful about how much time you invest in the sun. Once again with India travel health problems, common sense rules the day!
Another India travel health issue is the healthcare centres. In some states, like Kerala as an example, health care is really simple to discover, extremely cheap and extremely high quality however in other states the reverse prevails. I value that in some cases you have no alternative where you go however choose widely, ask the locals to recommend a personal doctor if the situation is appropriate.
The drug stores in India have most of the drugs you would anticipate in a western equivalent but always inspect the dates on the drugs as it has been known that a lot of them sell out of date medicines and constantly make certain that the product packaging has actually not been tampered with.
Healthy travel seems like a crazy and overbearing method to not have fun when on the road which is that last thing I want to inform someone to do. Travel is a time for changing way of living and discovering exactly what you haven’t seen. I find myself that the problem with all this is at we also have a issue staying in shape and staying healthy.
Everything includes our top priorities and how we prepare.
When you take a trip the planning needs to happen prior to you leave house and will certainly finish when you get home so right here are 10 ideas to assist you stay in shape and get back in even much better shape then you left
Eating Suggestion for Healthy Travel
1. Pack snacks for the road – whether I am travelling in a automobile or in a airplane I am never sure where my next snack will originate from so I always pack my knapsack with some fruit. I have always worried about this when going through security at the airport however truth is I have actually never been stopped so it seems to be OKAY to bring some fruit.
Healthy Travel Tips
2. Bottled Water not sugary drinks – It is extremely easy and tempting to drink some fizzy pop or juice and I know that I will just take this option when it presents itself, so I always buy bottled water to take with me. This is particularly important when travelling abroad, the tap water may not be completely safe to drink and you must remain hydrated, so drinking bottled water is a sensible precaution.
3. Consume regional food – Among the wonderful things about travel is the truth that you get a possibility to eat locally grown produce as well as the regional food from an area. The earlier that you can enjoy the wonderful array of fresh fruit and vegetables after they are harvested the better.
4. Morning and Night Water – Because schedules are such a mess when travelling it is really difficult to keep to a regular plan, and you most likely don’t wish to anyhow. What I do is as soon as I get up in the morning I drink a huge glass or more of water or if in a sketchy location simply a big bottle of water and once more during the night when back to the hotel I do the very same.
5. Be Careful with Restaurant Cuisine – I am a huge fan of going out for meals but do recognize that exactly what I eat is not always that good for me. When we travel as a family we constantly get a kitchenette in the hotel space so that we can make the majority of our meals with food we understand and afterwards have one meal out a day.
6. Order Responsibly – Among the greatest issues we all run into besides scheduling consuming times when we are on the road is the bad ways that we order. Healthy travel in a restaurant starts with ordering with discernment and making certain your options are good.
When you are purchasing at a restaurant watch how they prepare your meal. In many places, much like in the house the chef will certainly cook for taste not for nutrition. Keep away from sauces and deep deep-fried food and instead get grilled meat or fish with boiled or steamed potatoes and salad or vegetables instead of chips.
Exercise Tips for Healthy Travel
1. Book Hotels with Facilities – when booking a hotel for your travels ensure there is some kind of gym, Google the hotel if need be. the reality is that a little exercise will certainly make your travel more comfy and offer you the energy to make the most of your days and if you don’t set yourself up for success you will fail to work out.
2. Plan your workout and activities – even though you most likely do not know when you are going where on your journeys everybody appears to prepare the next day at least. At night prior to choose just how much exercise you will be getting, a hike possibly? Surfing all the time? Sitting by the swimming pool? And prepare your workout around that. If you will certainly be out sightseeing all day then plan to go to the health club for a weight workout in the morning. If you are simply by the swimming pool then begin the day with cardio. If you do cardio then walk around all day you might run out of gas before the day is doing this plan ahead!
3. Strategy Active Activities – Now when travelling on vacation this is simple enough to do but when you are taking a trip on business it is a lot harder. You can maybe head out at night and stroll the town, like lots of people plan a jog around the new city you are in ( beware of unidentified neighbourhoods) or even simply rent a bike to circumnavigate instead of constantly taking a automobile, this gets you active and you also get to satisfy even more people and see even more in your journeys.
Employ common sense with you are travelling, use these tips to help you remain healthy and you will have some wonderful memories to take home with you.
Walking holidays have become increasingly popular in recent times, as people enjoy experiencing an active type of holiday where they can soak up beautiful scenery and surroundings whilst getting fit. Walking holidays can either be self-guided, where the individual or group plans the route and itinerary themselves, or they can be guided, where a professional leads the walk and usually organises other aspects of the holiday such as accommodation and meals.
There are literally thousands of walking trails throughout the world that cater for the novice walker and those that like a more challenging scenario. Some walks take in varied terrain, from woodland, open moors, mountainous peaks to coastal paths. Whilst many trails pass through countryside, others may skirt around towns and city centres, offering a captivating cultural experience that allows the walker to take in historical and architectural points of interest.
The experience of a walking holiday can vary according to whether you guide the route yourself or whether you take part in an organised tour with a local guide who leads the way.
There are many advantages to booking a walking holiday where you have a local guide, the biggest perk being that the guide has expert knowledge of the local area and the walking trails. This is especially important if you are walking in an unfamiliar place or country, where there may be risks or safety issues to navigate en-route. A local guide will also be able to pick out interesting flora and fauna, wildlife or historical and cultural features along the walk, that you might not have identified yourself. When it comes to finding a place to rest those weary legs and have a bite to eat, then the guide is usually best placed to know where and when that will be, offering an authentic experience and often a chance to sample local dishes.
An organised package
If you book a guided walking holiday, then as well as having a guide to accompany the walks, the package may also include accommodation, travel, meals and entertainment. This can save you time (and often money) having to book all of the individual elements of the holiday yourself. As an organised package, travel may be included to get you to and from the walking trails, which can be really handy, especially in remote areas that may not have reliable (or any) public transport. Having a guide on hand is also beneficial in any medical emergencies.
Having a guide to lead a walking holiday means that you can select the level of walk before you book, whether you are a beginner looking for a gentle stroll, to a seasoned pro who relishes the prospect of strenuous trails in extreme terrain or conditions. Prior knowledge of what you can expect can make the walk more enjoyable, and knowing that you are being lead by someone who knows the route, can make you feel secure and confident that you will not stray off course accidently, end up getting lost or compromise your health and safety. If you do opt for a strenuous trail, whether hiking in the mountains or jungle, for instance, a local guide will be familiar with the terrain, conditions, wildlife and any dangerous obstacles in the path.
Distance of walk
As well as choosing the level of walk to suit your requirements, opting to book a walking holiday with a guide can also give you flexibility and control on how far you want to go. You can choose a range of walking distances, safe in the knowledge that the guide will not steer you off course or you will not get lost, which is a risk if you decide to take a self-guided walk.
Meeting new people
If you enjoy walking but have nobody to accompany you on holiday, and do not fancy the idea of walking on your own, then booking an organised walking tour is the ideal way to meet new people and walk at the same time. The other walkers in your group may be staying at the same accommodation as you, so that you have people to meet up with in the evenings, too, which can be an added bonus. Meeting like-minded people who enjoy walking also allows you to share information about new and different walking experiences, providing inspiration and insights into future possible walking holidays.
Many people might think that if you take a self-guided walking holiday then it will be cheaper than if you booked it through a guided tour, however, the reality can often be much different. If you book a guide for your walking holiday, then often the guide is in a good position to be able to impart local knowledge about where you can get a good deal on eating out, purchasing walking equipment and other offers, as well as maybe getting you a discount at various places. If you are booking as part of an organised group, then often the tour operator can get a cheaper deal on accommodation and travel costs, than if you booked individual elements separately.
copyright of Mountain Kingdoms
Knowing what to take with you
If you are doing a walk that you have not tackled before, then it can be hard to know what to take with you. Books and leaflets might be able to offer you some guidance, but the chances are, if you are walking independently, you may well end up taking too much with you or not enough! If you end up carrying too much, it could spoil the enjoyment of your walk, but at the same time, if you do not take the necessary items or equipment, it could compromise your health and safety. Taking a walking holiday with a guide helps to eliminate this problem. The guide will have trekked that route many times before, so will know exactly what you need to bring with you and what may be surplus to requirements.
So, you chose that you want to play golf. That’s a very good selection of sport to participate in. There is a lot of technique involved to play like you have some skill though. Do you understand exactly what you need to know about the sport to play properly? If you don’t, you ought to take a look at these tips below.
Balance is the secret to a good golf game. If you just concentrate on your stroke, and forget your form, you’ll never ever play a wonderful video game. Take a while to focus on how you’re standing, to practice balancing on one foot even, and to get a feel for exactly what correct form feels like. Your video game will certainly thank you.
A useful tip when it concerns golf is to consider taking lessons. This could benefit you significantly due to the fact that a great educator will certainly have the ability to identify methods that you can enhance your game and explain things that you might not have realized by yourself. There is always room to improve and grow.
Include power to your swing by utilizing your body, not your arms. Lean in to power your shot. Turn with the ball on the downswing. This lets you use the power of all of the muscles in your body to move a much better shot, instead of being restricted to just your arm muscles.
A useful pointer when it pertains to golf is to see to it that your ball is not damaged in any way before using it. This is very important not just to your playing but also so that you do not trigger harm to any of the other golfers on the course. Inspect for fractures and hairline fractures as well as portions that might be secured.
When putting, constantly guarantee that your left hand is in front of the ball. Don’t let this position slip throughout your stroke. You will have even more control over the club and direction of the ball.
A practical pointer when it comes to golf is to be sure that when trying to work on your swing that you just attempt to repair it one part at a time. Break down exactly what is wrong with your swing and do not allow yourself to be overwhelmed by attempting to deal with too many troubles simultaneously. Take care of one area, enjoy your success, and move on to the next.
A useful idea when it pertains to golf is to make certain that you are precisely able to read the lay of the green. You are going to have to determine how tough you hit the ball and where you aim it based on the slope, distance, and green conditions. Be sure to look from all possible angles before putting.
Keep your balls and clubs clean! Any dirt on either can significantly influence the means the club head meets the ball and ruin you accuracy and range. Lug a towel with you in your golf bag and clean the club face off before you put the club back in the bag.
Bear in mind, putting is much like golfing. The club is a pendulum. An extension of your body that moves freely, like the pendulum of a grandpa clock. This is especially true with putting. Practically no force has to be applied in a putt. Simply raise the club to the preferred range on the pendulum swing and that let your arm muscles go. You’ll be shocked how far the ball goes.
It needs to go without saying, however one of the most important ways to improve your golf video game is to keep your eye on the ball. Any excellent golf swing must keep your head down at all times so it stays on the ball throughout your swing. Do not seek out till you have actually finished the follow up of your swing.
The single crucial essential of golfing that is often ignored appertains set up position. The initial step is alignment. With your body parallel to a target line, a right-handed golf player will certainly look as if intending a little left of the target line. This illusion is produced because the ball is on the target line, not the body.
After you have actually been playing golf for a while, you might decide you wish to purchase a entire set of high quality clubs. When you get to this point, you must set up a golf club fitting with a pro. In this way, you can make sensible selections about each club in the set you construct so that you will have the perfect set of golf clubs to suit you personally.
Make sure to wear a hat when you are golfing in the winter time. In addition, you must get some special golf gloves for winter and some thermal mittens for golf. You cannot really play in these, but they will certainly keeping your hands warm between holes as you walk the course.
In conclusion, you wanted to play golf, didn’t understand much about it going in, and now have an concept of what it requires to play it properly. Terrific! If you have any more questions regarding exactly what to do, make sure that you re-read the ideas above to make certain the basics sink in.
The word “cartography” refers to the making of maps. Mapmaking has been a part of history for a very long time, with some records suggesting that mapmaking may go back up to 8000 years ago or even more. So what is the history of cartography?
Whilst people normally associate maps with features on the ground the earliest known maps actually represent features in the sky, namely what the mapmaker saw when he looked up.
Cave paintings on the walls of caves in South West France, known as the Lascaux caves, show dots which have been found to be a map of the night sky, in other words a map of the stars. It’s possible to make out particular stars that we now know by name.
Simple maps of earthly features have also been found in cave paintings as well as rock carvings. These are not maps as we know them but are simple representations of features on the landscape. For instance they may represent a mountain or a river.
Later cartographers used basic surveying techniques to show simple land features. As an example an ancient clay tablet found in the Middle East in 1930 has a clear map of a local river with features inscribed on the map including a drawing of a local property and the name of the owner of the property. This tablet is considered to date back to around the 25th century BC.
There have also been a number of discoveries of ancient maps each of which have demonstrated significant surveying abilities on the part of the mapmaker. For instance one such map dated around 1200 BC is a simple map of mountains to show where gold and silver were mined along with information about the local roads, properties and wells.
Early Greek cartographers had much more sophisticated surveying and mathematical techniques at their disposal to produce much more complex and detailed maps. A number of well known Greeks produced a range of more complex maps. Anaximander, one of the well known ancient Greeks, is considered by many to be the father of cartography, as he was the first person, as far as we know, to draw a map of the known world, doing so around 500 BC.
Of course knowledge of geography was much more limited to the ancient Greeks and therefore a number of maps of the world produced by the Greeks are simplistic and, according to our current geographical knowledge, incorrect. However it was the ancient Greeks who first attempted to map our planet.
The ancient Greeks were also a seafaring people and therefore a number of the maps produced by them featured sailing instructions for seafarers.
Many of the maps of the world produced by the ancient Greeks were based around the assumption that the world consisted of a circular plate surrounded by water.
The Romans were also prolific mapmakers, also attempting to make maps of the world, though of course geographically incorrect. The Romans also attempted to make some of the earliest roadmaps. The Chinese were an extremely inventive people and early maps from China have been found dating back to the 4th century BC. Some of the earliest Chinese maps that have been found have been produced on silk.
A number of other older civilizations are also known to have a history of mapmaking that goes back centuries including the Mongols. As well as this archaeologists have found evidence of mapmaking in India from centuries ago which maps the stars, possibly for the purposes of navigation. There are also ancient Indian maps which have been unearthed demonstrating settlements, geographical features and Continental features.
Finds in the Middle East have shown that many Muslim scholars have had significant mapmaking ability, drawing on information learned by explorers from the Middle East into various other parts of the world from Spain to India to Africa. One serious scholarly work produced a map of the Middle East and the Mediterranean that closely resembles how we recognize those areas today.
And there is evidence of mapmaking from early cultures throughout the Pacific, with many of those maps being produced to help in ocean navigation for those peoples who crossed large distances on water.
In the early 1500s the first maps of the Americas were produced. This was followed by a map which was considered to be the first scientific world map ever produced in 1527 by Diogo Ribeiro, a Portuguese cartographer working in Spain.
Modern cartography relies on a vertical perspective of geographical features, and modern surveying techniques meant that modern maps were able to be created with great accuracy. Modern technology is now able to produce maps with extraordinary detail and pinpoint accuracy. Modern materials and modern printing methods have also meant that mapmaking has been able to produce maps which will be of significant quality.
Technological advancements such as the invention of the compass and the printing press have all had their part in improving the ability of cartographers to represent geographical features accurately and in detail. More recently advances in computer hardware and software have produced extraordinarily detailed and accurate maps showing geographical features which could not have been shown any other way in the past.
The art of cartography has a long and illustrious past. Human beings, for millennia, have had a fascination with what lies below our feet and above our heads and have attempted to reproduce that in some form or other for many years. From the earliest maps which have shown simple patterns of stars through to modern GPS mapping our civilization has gradually refined the art of cartography to the point where now anyone is able to identify their precise location and their local geographic features with extraordinary detail.
Modern cartography is now the culmination of centuries, or millennia, of mapmaking history.
We love our holidays, we work hard all year so we can have our 2 weeks doing what we want. Whether you want to lie on the beach reading for 2 weeks, trek the foothills of the Himalayas, take a safari in Botswana or cruise the beautiful islands of the Caribbean, there is a holiday destination for you and your family.
Holidays are not just fun, they are also important to our health as they give us the chance to rest, relax and do different things to our daily routines. Even if you have a ‘staycation’ you can still have a fun time and go back to work with recharged batteries. So, consider the choices available with your available budget and find a destination that is perfect. The most memorable holidays are those that go without a hitch and have been well planned in advance. This does not mean you need to spend hours researching vacations, destinations and what to do when you get there. Have an idea of where you want to go and what you might like to do then start having a look at what is available. Consider also what will suit your family, if you are travelling with elderly people or young children extremes of temperature may not be suitable.
Nobody enjoys all the hanging around that tends to go with holidays whether it is at the airport, ferry terminal or wherever so be prepared, bring some toys and books for the kids. Try to keep routine with mealtimes, nap times and so on so that they don’t get too grumpy. Wherever you choose to go, try to learn a bit about the place before you go and try to learn a few words of the language as well, even if all you can say is ‘Hello’, ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ it will be appreciated. You could perhaps use the waiting time to read up on the local history, you might learn some fascinating facts that give you new insight into your appreciation on the destination.
Make new memories that you can carry round with you for the rest of your life. You might like to keep a journal whilst on holiday so that you can look back and remember those happy days. Postcards and photos also provide a visual memory of the holiday as do souvenirs, which need not be huge or expensive, something simple like a fridge magnet can evoke powerful memories.
Just because you are on holiday does not mean that you should relax your security arrangements. Always be on your guard for pickpockets and con artists. Never flash the cash, carry small amounts and keep it secure. Keep your bags and other belongings close by and never leave them unattended. Be as aware as you would be at home. Make sure you have adequate travel insurance so that if you do fall ill or have an accident, you can be treated and transferred home without being saddled with a huge bill.
Plan your holiday and you should have a wonderful time with memories that will last forever. If you are booking your holiday in the United Kingdom, make sure that the travel agent and provider are ABTA and ATOL members. Think about what could go wrong and how you might sort it but do not dwell on this, it is all about being prepared and having a plan should there be a problem. Make sure you know where the nearest embassy, high commission or consulate is particularly if you are travelling to somewhere less touristy or to a country that has known issues. Whilst on this subject, do take notice of Foreign Office advice, they will occasionally make announcements suggesting not to travel to certain regions and this advice should be taken seriously. The last thing I’d like to say now, is go and enjoy your travel, have fun, relax and come home with fantastic memories.
Safety is an essential consideration whilst travelling.
Be stranger aware, never accept packages from strangers, be on the lookout for pickpockets, keep valuables out of sight and make sure someone knows where you are.
Travelling around the world should be a wonderful experience providing you take the right precautions.
Always make sure you have sufficient travel insurance so that if you are taken ill or have an accident, you will receive full medical care.
When considering travel insurance for an upcoming trip, be sure to compare rates of providers, not forgetting to check with your credit card companies. Many times they may provide these benefits to you at a cheaper price. They may cover items such as lost luggage or trip cancellation.